Photographic Lenses

A camera lens is known as photographic lens used in conjunction with fixed focal lengths or zooms in camera body. Primary characteristic of a lens is the focal length. All focal lengths are grouped into categories for different types of lenses. Few important lenses are listed below:

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  • Wide angle lenses
  • Standard lenses
  • Medium Telephoto or portrait lenses
  • Telephoto lenses
  • Specialist lenses

Let us see each one of them in detail:

Wide Angle Lenses:

A wide angle lenses has a shorter focal length of 21 -35mm. It is mainly used to capture outdoor landscapes and group portraits, without ignoring any important image elements. In this manner, you can use wide-angle lenses to capture a deep DOF. These wide angle lenses are used in the digital camera with APS-C format.

Standard/Normal lenses:

The standard lens has a fixed focal length ranges from 50mm, 85mm and 100mm. It is mainly used for documentary and street photography, where photographer can capture an interesting point of action.

Telephoto lenses:

Telephoto lenses can provide narrow field of view with 100mm-800mm of focal length. It enable you to compress a distance as well as compress the sense of depth and can pick out specific objects from far off. They have a strong resolving power and an inherent shallow DOF. By using Telephoto lenses you can capture wildlife, portrait, sports, and documentary types of images from hundreds of feet away.

Specialist lenses:

There are variety of Specialist lenses are available on the market. Some of them are listed below:

  • Super Telephoto
  • Macro lens
  • Fisheye lens

Super Telephoto:

A super Telephoto lens have 300mm of focal length.  This lenses are great for wildlife, sports of photography. The example for Super Telephoto is Nikon AF-S Nikon 400mm f/2.8G.

Macro lens:

Macro lenses are used for “macro” photography with the range of 50-200mm focal lengths. These lenses obtain razor-sharp focus for subjects, within the macro focus distance. Photographer can capture larger images of subjects like wasps, butterflies and flowers.

Fisheye lens:

A fisheye lens is a wide-angle lens that provides extremely wide images by changing straight lines into curves. It can enlarge the center of the images and objects can be reduced in size in all the directions around it. The range of focal length varies between 7-16mm in a fish-eye lens.

These are some of the different lenses available on the market where photographer can choose the required one with its best features. By selecting the right lenses photographer can capture the vision of the world.